By D.W. Sims, Alan J. Southward

ISBN-10: 0120261529

ISBN-13: 9780120261529

Advances in Marine Biology was once first released in 1963. Now edited by means of A.J. Southward (Marine organic organization, UK), P.A. Tyler (Southampton Oceanography organization, UK), C.M. younger (Harbor department Oceanographic establishment, united states) and L.A. Fuiman (University of Texas, USA), the serial publishes in-depth and updated studies on quite a lot of themes in an effort to entice postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries technology, ecology, zoology, oceanography. Eclectic volumes within the sequence are supplemented by means of thematic volumes on such issues because the Biology of Calanoid Copepods. * comprises over 25 tables and 34 illustrations * Covers such subject matters as reef fishes, crustacea within the arctic and antarctic, fisheries within the Northeast Atlantic, and extra * four stories authored by way of specialists of their correct fields of analysis

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Extra info for Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 51

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Carbon14 analysis indicated that the shells were between 60 and 450 yr old, and some of them even 6300 yr old. This stresses further the need for careful monitoring and management of scallop stocks in the Arctic. It may be argued that political and economical constraints do not always allow for the expensive and time-consuming research required for understanding the population dynamics of a new resource. In addition, conservative management requires a data collection from surveys and commercial fishing spanning at least over a few years.

Unlike other areas, the fishery can operate here year-round because it is permanently free of sea ice. The first survey was conducted in 1984 and used four dredge designs (Table 1) but without replicated tows. The results were published in two reports (Eirı´ksson and Nicolajsen, 1984; Nicolajsen, 1984) that are not easily compared because the 18 scallop beds found were grouped in 6 management areas in the first report but 11 in the second. The first report estimated the stock at 9000 tonnes and the second at 13,000 tonnes (Table 2).

1989). , 2003). It is interesting to note that a model developed by Smith and Rago (2004) showed that unexploited scallop populations in equilibrium had a large biomass and very low recruitment. When a fishery is introduced into the model, recruitment shows increased variability as the population oscillates towards a new equilibrium point with a much smaller biomass. As in this model, the Iceland scallop populations reviewed here had large average stock sizes and low recruitment levels. When the fishery started in Breiðafjo¨rður, the mean density was 20–30 shells mÀ2 and most of them were >70 mm.

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