By Jim Brooks

ISBN-10: 0120320010

ISBN-13: 9780120320011

Petroleum geochemistry has became out to be greater than one other step within the path to quantify geology and geosciences in most cases. Petroleum geochemistry because it is at the present time could be the triggering occasion that brings the opposite branches of geosciences like sedimentology, stratigraphy, structural geology, geophysics and others to a fruitful synthesis as evidenced by means of built-in basin reports

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Advances in Petroleum Geochemistry. Volume 1

Petroleum geochemistry has became out to be greater than one other step within the course to quantify geology and geosciences quite often. Petroleum geochemistry because it is this day could possibly be the triggering occasion that brings the opposite branches of geosciences like sedimentology, stratigraphy, structural geology, geophysics and others to a fruitful synthesis as evidenced via built-in basin stories

Extra info for Advances in Petroleum Geochemistry. Volume 1

Example text

H e also noted that very young samples from a geothermal area plotted along with much older samples, and thus concluded that maturation occurs in a geological instant. Some of Price's reasoning appears to b e circular, however. By choosing samples from t e c h n i c a l l y undisturbed regions he is essentially requiring that present-day t e m p e r a t u r e s be the m a x i m u m t e m p e r a t u r e s achieved. A good correlation b e t w e e n R0 and present-day t e m p e r a t u r e s would therefore be expected.

1 0 to 1 0 s ) . Tissot (1969) also noted that petroleum-forming reactions encompassed a range of activation energies, and that the prevalent type of bond cleavage is therefore a function of t e m p e r a t u r e . C o n n a n ' s studies-1 (1974) - 1 that pseudo-activation energies of 11 to 1 4 k c a l m o l (46 to also showed 5 9 k J m o l ) gave a d e q u a t e correspondence with m e a s u r e d data on petroleum formation (see Table I). 26 D . W. W A P L E S A s many workers noted, however, these pseudo-activation energies were far lower than could be explained on purely chemical grounds.

McCoy p r o p o s e d long ago (1919) that pressure helps to transform solid THERMAL MODELS FOR OIL GENERATION 31 kerogen to liquid p e t r o l e u m . , 1970). This simplistic approach was superseded by m o r e sophisticated considerations of t h e effects of pressure on p e t r o l e u m formation. It was assumed that p e t r o l e u m is formed by thermal decomposition of large k e r o g e n molecules, and therefore that t h e most important consideration was possible retardation of kerogen decomposition by t h e buildup of internal pressure from volatile light hydrocarbons.

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