By James W. Gould
There is a standard trust that till lately american citizens have hottest isolation to curiosity in distant parts reminiscent of Southeast Asia. This thesis could be proven through interpreting the historical past of yank family members with a spot at the contrary aspect of the globe from the USA. this type of land is Sumatra. it truly is one of many greatest islands on this planet. Its I66,789 sq. mile zone exceeds that of the 3rd biggest American nation, California, and is greater than Italy. mendacity midway world wide from the us, its I050 mile size is sort of divided via the equator, which runs throughout it for 285 miles. Sumatra's strategic significance is two-fold. to start with, it's the first island stepping stone from the Asiatic mainland into the Australasian archipelago. This was once verified in I942 whilst the USA stationed planes on Sumatra in an try to stem the japanese develop southward. Secondly, it lies athwart the shortest sea routes from jap Asia to Europe and the japanese usa. Sumatra's southern tip varieties one aspect of the Straits of Sunda which guards the entry to the Java, China and Philippine Seas. on the island's northern tip is the doorway to the Straits of Malacca, the shortest sea lane be tween the close to and much East. the outlet of the Suez Canal in I869 shifted the shortest course among the a long way East and the Western global from the Sunda to the Malacca Straits.
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There's a universal trust that until eventually lately americans have hottest isolation to curiosity in distant parts comparable to Southeast Asia. This thesis could be demonstrated via analyzing the historical past of yank kinfolk with a spot at the contrary aspect of the globe from the U.S.. the sort of land is Sumatra. it really is one of many biggest islands on the earth.
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2 million in the last six months of 1918, when we imported more tin than any other product of Indonesia. 8 million in 1926. The Great Depression hit tin imports very heavily; they fell to just over a million and a half dollars in 1931 and 1932. This collapse resulted in various devices to control the price of tin, first by private agencies, then governmental. The initiative was taken largely by Anglo-American Mining Corporation, in which there is some capital of the N ewmont Mining Corporation.
This was shipped in increasing quantities to the great tobacco emporia of Holland, and in r873 the first Deli leaf reached the United States. S. leaf. 67 Then American cigar makers became the largest customers for Deli leaf. From r883 until recently the United States has imported at least two million dollars worth each year. This consistent demand was the foundation of the prosperity of the Deli plantations of Sumatra, which admittedly enriched Holland more than it did the natives of Sumatra. Americans showed great interest in obtaining seed of the fabulous tobacco of Deli.
2 million pounds supplied from Indonesia in 1950, the United States paid a record annual sum of $ 9,282,045. INTERDEPENDENCE OF SUMATRA AND THE UNITED STATES 25 Since the war quantities exported to the United States have been gradually climbing, so by 1959 they reached a postwar record amount of 26,973,158 pounds, worth $ 6,722,743. Of this 2,254,085 was white pepper (worth $ 289,530), the rest black. Pepper is our fourth largest import from Indonesia, which last year supplied 73 percent of our total needs.
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