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II. The femoral neck is approximately 5 cm long. The neck shaft angle (or angle of inclination) is approximately 125 , and the neck is slightly anteverted, some 10–15 . Anteriorly, the neck is intracapsular, with the capsule attaching to the intertrochanteric line; however, posteriorly only the medial portion of the neck is intracapsular. III. The greater trochanter can be palpated a hand’s-breadth below the tubercle of the iliac crest and is in line with the femoral head. IV. The lesser trochanter is a posteromedial projection from the shaft of the femur.

In what order do the contents of the intercostal neurovascular bundle run? VI. In which muscle plane do these structures run? VII. In which direction do the fibres of the external intercostal muscles run? 46 Chapter 3: Thorax questions VIII. IX. X. XI. Where is the ‘safe zone’ for insertion of a chest drain? What are the surface landmarks for the pleural reflections? What are the surface landmarks for the oblique fissures? What are the surface landmarks for the horizontal fissure? 2 XII. 2, label the following structures: • The left and right pulmonary arteries.

This can be remembered by the mnemonic ‘Tom, Dick And Very Naughty Harry’. 27 28 Chapter 2: Limbs and vertebral column answers V. The Ankle Brachial Pressure Index is a simple, non-invasive method of assessing the lower limb for arterial insufficiency. It is usually measured with a Doppler ultrasound probe and a sphygmomanometer (see below), comparing systolic pressure in the posterior tibial and dorsalis pedis arteries with that in the brachial artery. The ratio between the systolic blood pressure in the arm and leg estimates the severity of any arterial disease.

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